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15th International Conference and Exhibition on Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering, will be organized around the theme “”

Petrochemistry Summit 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Petrochemistry Summit 2020

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Chemical and biochemical engineering are at the core of the conversion of any kind of raw materials into substances and products required by modern society. Chemical engineers and biochemical engineers head the research into and development of methods for large-scale production of drugs, inexpensive production of basic chemicals and fuels, and the economic production of advanced materials used in a wide range of areas - including communication, IT, health, and transport. 
Research into and development of methods for preventing and remedying environmental problems in relation to chemicals in the production, as well as research into and development of methods for sustainable chemical and biochemical energy conversion are also key fields of activity.

 

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Geological prospecting and exploration for oil and gas is a set of industrial and R&D activities for geological study of subsurface resources, identification of promising areas, and discovery of fields, their evaluation and pre-development. The final objective of geological prospecting is preparation of subsurface resources. The main principle of geological prospecting is the comprehensive geological study of subsurface resources when along with oil and gas exploration all associated components (petroleum gas and its composition, sulphur, rare metals, etc.), possibility and practicality of their production or utilization are investigated; hydrogeological, coal mining, engineering, geological and other studies are performed; natural, climatic, socioeconomic, geological engineering and economic indicator and their changes caused by future field development are analysed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The development of drilling wells offshore in petrochemical industry offers additional energy resources. The essential seaward wellbore development process isn't altogether not quite the same as the rotational penetrating procedure utilized for arrive based boring. The primary contrasts are the sort boring equipment and changed strategies used to complete the activities in a more intricate circumstance. For offshore boring a Mechanical Properties of stable seaward stage or gliding vessel from which to penetrate must be given. These range from perpetual seaward settled or gliding stages to impermanent base bolstered or skimming boring vessels. In USA, 35% of oil is obtained through offshore development. The direction of drilling is ascertained by the dipole sharing investigation tool (DSI).

 

Upstream oil and gas operations identify deposits, drill wells, and recover raw materials from underground. This sector also includes related services, such as rig operations, feasibility studies, and machinery rental and extraction chemical supply. Many of the largest upstream operators are the major diversified oil and gas firms, such as Exxon-Mobil.
Midstream operations link the upstream and downstream entities. Midstream operations mostly include resource transportation and storage, such as pipelines and gathering systems. Kinder Morgan and Williams Companies are two examples of midstream firms.
Refineries and marketing are major tasks in Downstream operations. These services turn crude oil into usable products such as gasoline, fuel oils, and petroleum-based products. Marketing services help move the finished products from energy companies to retailers or end users. Marathon Petroleum and Phillips 66 are two noteworthy examples of downstream companies
 

 

 

 

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Biopolymers are polymers created by living beings; as it were, they are polymeric biomolecules. Since they are polymers, biopolymers contain monomeric units that are covalently attached to shape bigger structures. There are three fundamental classes of biopolymers, ordered by the monomeric units utilized and the structure of the biopolymer framed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers made out of at least 13 nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are frequently straight fortified polymeric starch structures. Other cases of biopolymers incorporate elastic, suberin, melanin and lignin.

Bioenergy describes any energy source based on biological matter – everything from a dung cooking fire or a biomass power station to ethanol-based car fuel. Unlike oil, coal or gas, bioenergy counts as a renewable energy option, because plant and animal materials can be easily regenerated. At present, bioenergy accounts for the majority of renewable energy produced globally.
 
Bioenergy is often considered to be environmentally friendly because, in theory, the CO2 released when plants and trees are burned is balanced out by the CO2 absorbed by the new ones planted to replace those harvested. However, the environmental and social benefits of bioenergy are hotly contested – especially in the case of biofuels, which are often produced from food crops such as palm oil, corn or sugar.
 
The biofuels is sometimes used interchangeably with bioenergy, though more commonly it's used specifically to describe liquid bioenergy fuels such as biodiesel (a diesel substitute) and bioethanol (which can be used in petrol engines).

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This field amalgamate facet of organic, organometallic, and inorganic chemistry. Synthesis forms a considerable component of most programs in this area. Mechanistic scrutiny are often undertaken to discover how an unexpected product is formed or to rearrange the recital of a catalytic system. Because synthesis and catalysis are essential, to the construction of new materials, Catalysts are progressively used by chemists busy in fine chemical synthesis within both industry and academia.
Reorganization of a compound into smaller and simpler compounds, or compounds of  lofty molecular weight, under elevated temperatures usually in the range of 400°C to 800°C to as high as 1400°C. It differs from combustion in that it occurs in the absence of air and therefore no oxidation takes place. The pyro-lytic disintegration of wood forms a large number of chemical substances. Some of these chemicals can be used as substitutes for conventional fuels. The dispersal of the products varies with the chemical composition of the biomass and the operating conditions.
 
To produce materials for industry, like chemicals, plastics, food, agricultural and pharmaceutical products and energy carriers. Industrial biotechnology, which is often referred as white biotechnology utilizes microorganisms and enzymes. Waste generated from agriculture and forestry and renewable raw materials are used for the production of industrial goods. It also contributes to lowering of greenhouse gas emissions and moving away from a petrochemical based economy.
Bioprocess engineering is an essential component for rapid conversion of bio products from the laboratory to a manufacturing scale. This makes the benefits of biotechnology on a large scale at a reasonable cost for common people. Bioprocess engineering may include the work of mechanical, electrical, and industrial engineers to apply idea and knowledge of their domains and process based on using living cells.
 
Physical Organic Chemistry is the study of the relationship between structure and reactivity of organic molecules. More specifically, physical organic chemistry applies the experimental tools of physical chemistry to the study of the structure of organic molecules and provides a theoretical framework that interprets how structure influences both mechanisms and rates of organic reaction.
 

Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.

Biochemical Engineering is an essential area in modern biotechnology. Biochemical Engineering includes Bioreactor and fermenter design aspects, Industrial biotechnology, Photo Bioreactor Electrochemical Energy Conversion, Biological Hydrogen production (Algae), Biofuel from algae, Bioreactor landfill, and Moss bioreactor.

Biochemical Engineers translate exciting discoveries in life sciences into practical materials and processes contributing to human health and well-being. Biochemical engineering is mainly deals with the design and construction of unit processes that involve biological organisms or molecules, such as bioreactors. Its applications are in the petrochemical industry, food, and pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and water treatment industries.

 

Environmental Engineering and Elementary Biology is something that you can get a degree in these days, but the field is one that existed long before it had a name, begun at the dawn of civilization when we started modifying our environment to meet our needs. It involves applying science and engineering practices to how we utilize and impact our natural resources. Modern environmental engineers work on solutions to issues like pollution reduction and clean-up, energy consumption and emissions, land erosion, water treatment and waste management to properly manage and maintain the quality of our soil, water and air. They strive to keep everyone healthier and happier by helping us live off the land more efficiently and less destructively. Environmentally Benign Catalysis: Over the past 22 years, Catalysis by Heteropolyacids (HPAs) has received wide attention and led to new and promising developments both at academic and industrial level.

 

An Electrochemical Synthesis is a chemical reaction that is caused by the movement of electrical current. These processes are a type of oxidation-reduction chemical reactions in which one atom or molecule loses an electron to another atom or molecule. In electrochemical process, the atoms or molecules in the reaction are relatively far apart from each other compared to other reactions, forcing the electrons being transferred to travel a greater distance and thereby produce an electrical current. Many natural phenomena are depend on Electrochemical Methods, such as the corrosion of metals, the ability of some sea creatures to produce electrical fields, and the workings of the nervous systems of humans and other animals. They also play an important part in modern Chemical technology, most prominently in the storage of electrical power in batteries, and the electrochemical process called electrolysis is important in modern industry.

 

Material Science is that the branch of science deals with the structure, properties, performance, characterization and methodology of materials that associated with construction or manufacture like metals, polymers, ceramics and composites etc. Through the assistance of the fabric science we'll apprehend the history of the fabric like physical and chemical properties, therefore a reason material science and engineering choices a nice scope considerably in rhetorical engineering, Nano technology, bio materials, metallurgy, failure analysis, investigation materials.
 

Nanomaterial is not simply another step in the miniaturization of materials or particles. They often require very different production approaches. There are several processes to create various sizes of nanomaterial, classified as ‘top-down' and ‘bottom-up'. Although large numbers of nanomaterial are currently at the laboratory stage of manufacture, many of them already are being commercialized whereas Nanotechnology, as defined by size, is naturally very broad, including fields of science as diverse as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, semiconductor physics, energy storage, micro fabrication, molecular engineering, etc. The associated research and applications are equally diverse, ranging from extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with dimensions on the Nano scale to direct control of matter on the atomic scale.

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that causes adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Some of the more common soil contaminants are chlorinated hydrocarbons (CFH), heavy metals (such as chromium, cadmium–found in rechargeable batteries, and lead–found in lead paint, aviation fuel and still in some countries, gasoline. Few significant classifications of Pollution Control are Air Pollution Control, Air Quality, Emission Tax, Environmental Management, and Environmental Policy.  An industrial safety system is a countermeasure crucial in any hazardous plants such as oil and gas plants and nuclear plants.. Process control is performed by means of process control systems (PCS) and is interlocked by the safety systems so that immediate actions are taken should the process control systems fail.

Industrial gases are a group of gases that are specifically manufactured for use in a wide range of industries, which include oil and gas, petro chemistry, chemicals, power, mining, steelmaking, metals, environmental pollution, medicine, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food, water, fertilizers, nuclear power, electronics and aerospace. Their production is a part of the wider chemical Industry (where industrial gases are often seen as "speciality chemicals").
The principal gases provided are nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrogen, helium and acetylene; although a huge variety of natural gases and mixtures are available in gas cylinders. The industry producing these gases is known as the industrial gases industry, which is seen as also encompassing the supply of equipment and technology to produce and use the gases.
Whilst most industrial gas is usually only sold to other industrial enterprises; retail sales of gas cylinders and associated equipment to tradesmen and the general public are available through gas local agents and typically includes products such as balloon helium , dispensing gases for beer kegs, welding gases and welding equipment, LPG and medical oxygen.
 
Petro chemistry is a process which researches on the conversion of petroleum or crude oil and natural gas into raw materials and helpful products. Petro chemistry makes a huge contribution to the advancement attained in the 20th century in the fields of universal healthcare and sanitation. The majority of products in pharma are manufactured from chemicals and a significant number of these medicines are manufactured from petroleum goods.
Pharmaceutical chemical engineering is a department of Chemical Engineering that mainly deals with the design and construction of unit operations that involve biological organisms or molecules, such as bioreactors. Its applications are in the petrochemical industry, food and pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and water treatment industries. 
 
Environmental chemistry is the scientific review of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural places. Environmental chemistry can be described as the study of the sources, reactions, transport, effects of chemical species in the air, soil, and water environments; and the effect of human activity on these. Environmental chemistry is an integrative science that includes atmospheric, aquatic and soil chemistry, as well as uses analytical chemistry. It is allied to environmental and other areas of science. It is different from green chemistry, which tries to trim potential pollution at its source.
Whereas Environmental engineering deals with the combination of sciences and engineering principles to develop the natural environment, to provide healthy air, water, and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to procure pollution sites.
 

In the US there are 170 major chemical companies. They operate internationally with more than 2,800 facilities outside the U.S. and 1,700 foreign subsidiaries or affiliates operating. The U.S. chemical output is $750 billion a year. The U.S. industry records large trade surpluses and employs more than a million people in the United States alone. The chemical industry is also the second largest consumer of energy in manufacturing and spends over $5 billion annually on pollution abatement. In Europe the chemical, plastics and rubber sectors are among the largest industrial sectors. Together they generate about 3.2 million jobs in more than 60,000 companies. Since 2000 the chemical sector alone has represented 2/3 of the entire manufacturing trade surplus of the EU. The chemical industry has shown rapid growth for more than fifty years. The fastest growing areas have involved the manufacture of synthetic organic polymers used as plastics, fibres and elastomers. Historically and presently the chemical industry has 380 3134 13523 Companies Chicago USA Globe been concentrated in three areas of the world, Western Europe, North America and Japan (the Triad). The European Community remains the largest producer area followed by the US and Japan.

Chemical obtained either directly from cracking (pyrolysis), or indirectly from chemical processing, of petroleum Oil or natural gas. Major petrochemicals are acetylene, benzene, ethane, ethylene, methane, propane, and hydrogen, from which hundreds of other chemicals are derived. These derivatives are used as elastomers, fibres, plasticizers, and solvents, and as feedstock for production of thousands of other products.
Process Engineering is a major step in Petrochemical industry & for the design, construction, maintenance and improvement of large equipment and facilities which are used for processing and producing oil and gas - either onshore or offshore.
 
  • Track 20-1 Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering
  • Track 20-2Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals