Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 7th World Congress on Petrochemistry and
Chemical Engineering Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Day 1 :

OMICS International Petrochemistry 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Russell R Chianelli photo
Biography:

Russell R. Chianelli is a professor of Chemistry and Director of the Materials Research and Technology Institute at the University of Texas at El Paso. Formerly at member of Exxon Research and Engineering’s Corporate Research Laboratory, Dr. Chianelli is a world authority on Transition Metal Sulfide Catalytic Materials with over 200 peer reviewed publications and over 60 issued U. S. Patents. His work is highly interdisciplinary and covers theory, experiment and application with commercialization’s based on his work. In 1990 he was the President of the Materials Research Society and scientific leader of the Exxon Valdez oil spill successful bioremediation effort. He has received several recognitions for his work and continues to lead in the understanding of Transition Metal Sulfide catalytic materials and their application to petroleum refining and coal gas catalysis.

Abstract:

The United States, Canada and Mexico are now being called the “New Middle East” because of their huge production of oil and gas from both conventional and shale sources. This new hydrocarbon production produces two waste materials in large quantities: natural gas and tars1. The gas is typically burned away in flares because it is cheaper to burn than to liquefy and sell. A recent NASA study revealed that space stations flying over Siberia reported thousands of flaring oil wells from conventional oil wells, burning as much energy as the East Coast of the United States uses for travel every day2. The same phenomenon has been reported in the western states of the United States (figure 1). Flare gas is typically comprised of approximately 50% methane and 50% CO2. Catalytic reforming of methane with CO2 is possible using catalytic materials producing valuable hydrocarbons that are liquid at room temperature. However, his reaction occurs at temperatures near 700oC. Thus, the cost of implementing this process in petroleum fields is too high. We have developed “Flare quenching” methods using novel catalytic materials for the reforming using solar power to convert the waste to useful products3. The Infrared Spectrum of the liquid products (hydrocarbons and alcohols) is shown in figure2. In the early 1980’s the periodic trends of TMS catalysts on unsupported catalysts were discovered and these results formed the foundation for further basic understanding of the key properties that led to catalytic activity4. Progress has been made by combining synthetic, experimental and theoretical techniques. Theoretical studies support the fact that the d-electrons in the frontier orbitals of the catalysts were key in determining catalysis at the surface. The triumph of this approach was that it unified the promoted TMS systems with the binary TMS and provided a common rational for the activity of both. Novel preparations that enhance activity and selectivity have been developed5. These catalysts have been applied to the solar catalytic reforming project.

Break: Networking & Refreshment Break 10:45-11:05 @ Piedmont Prefunction
OMICS International Petrochemistry 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Davis L Ford photo
Biography:

Davis L. Ford is an Adjunct Professor in the College of Engineering, the University of Texas at Austin and a Visiting Professor of Petroleum Engineering at Texas Tech University, Lubbock. He is practicing environmental engineer with over forty-five years of experience in the field. In addition, he serves on the faculty at The University of Texas at Austin as an adjunct professor, has published more than one hundred technical papers, has co-authored or contributed to ten textbooks and written two biographies and co-authored one children’s book. He has lectured extensively throughout the United States and in countries of Europe, South America and Asia. Ford received his bachelor’s degree in civil engineering at Texas A&M University and his master and doctorate degrees in environmental engineering at The University of Texas at Austin. He is a Distinguished Engineering Graduate of both Texas A&M University and The University of Texas at Austin as well as a Distinguished Alumnus of Texas A&M. Ford was elected into the prestigious National Academy of Engineering (NAE). He has served as president of the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and chairman of the Academy Ethics Committee. His honorary affiliations include Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Xi and Chi Epsilon. Ford serves on the Board of a publicly-owned oil and exploration company (CWEI, NASDAQ) and the Board of the Texas A&M University Press.

Abstract:

The world is going through a major energy transformation with fossil oil and gas being the primary source. Tight oil and gas is now being extracted at all time highs in the United States, specifically the Texas Delaware formation. Pipelines, recently restricted are now opening up for full development and conveyance to export terminals, refineries and storage for domestic use, import or export. This will have a most significant effect on the united states gdp, providing the crude oil prices stay in the fifty dollar range per bbl. Or higher in 2017 and into the following year. There is a profound interest in this technology in south america, the european demands and other parts of the world. For example, noble energy (nbl, nyse) just completed a purchase of clayton williams energy (nyse, cwei) to now control the drilling leases in over 120,000 acres within the texas delawar basin, all proven and yet to be drilled. This case history and others will be discussed at the aforementioned conference in Atlanta.

Break: Panel Discussion 11:50-12:00
  • Track-2 : Chemical Applications in Producing Oil and Gas
    Track-3 : Production Technology and Separation Techniques
    Track-5 : Process Chemistry & Technology
    Track-11 : Recent advances in Petrochemistry
Location: WILLOW

Session Introduction

Venko Beschkov

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria

Title: Bioethanol production from food and agricultural waste and its applications

Time : 12:00-12:30

Speaker
Biography:

Venko Beschkov has got his PhD in 1978 and his DSC degree in 1996 in the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. His present interests are chemical and biochemical processes for environment protection and for utilization of renewable energy sources. He participates in 30 scientific projects, supported by different sources, as well as in 18 applied projects. The last project he was working on is hydrogen production from black sea water by sulfide-driven fuel cell, financed by the FP7, BS-ERA.NET Pilot Joint Call. He published over 190 scientific papers, 2 monographs and 6 chapters in selected issues. Over 1200 citations of his papers have been noted (h-index=20 G-index=32). He has been Head of the Institute of Chemical Engineering at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences for 21 years (1993/2014) and deputy-minister of environment (1991/92).

Abstract:

The global economic growth has led to high energy consumption, mainly from fossil fuels. The extensive use of fossil fuels has made impossible to treat the emitted carbon dioxide in a natural way. One of the ways to cope with this global problem is to close the carbon cycle in nature by the use of renewable biofuels and consumption the resulting carbon by photosynthesis. The use of ethanol produced from natural and renewable resources is a good alternative but its feasibility depends on the raw materials, their availability, price and environmental safety. Therefore, the so-called second generation raw materials (i.e. cellulose, food and agricultural waste) are currently tested. In the present work experimental data for the use of some waste (food waste, processed cereals) for fermentative ethanol production are presented. Some practical applications for ethanol production and ethanol dehydration process are demonstrated.

Dalim Paul

Indian National Science Academy, India

Title: Magmatism in western India

Time : 12:30-13:00

Speaker
Biography:

Dalim Paul from Calcutta has obtained PhD from the University of Leeds, U K in 1970 on a Commonwealth Scholarship and DSc from the University of Calcutta in 1992.He specializes in Petrology, Geochemistry and Geochronology of volcanic and ultramafic rocks. As a post-doctoral fellow, he did research in McMaster University, Canada and at the University of Western Australia. He worked with the Geological Survey of India and was the Director of Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad. He has published over 50 scientific papers in refereed journals and authored many professional reports. He is a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy and the Academy of Third World Sciences.

Abstract:

Tholeiites and alkali basalts occurring in the southern coastal belt of Kutch rift basin, Gujarat are the northernmost on-land exposure of Deccan Traps. The Deccan Traps are of global interest for their possible links to Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) mass extinction event and global climate change. Further north, mafic dykes, sill and a differentiated alkaline plutonic complex occur along deep-seated rift-related faults. Volumetrically Phonolite is small compared to the tholeiitic and alkali basalts of Kutch but is highly magnesian and evolved in nature. The geochemical characters of the Phonolite suggest an alkaline magnesian source. The pericratonic Kutch basin has undergone repeated rifting during the Mesozoic. The magma formation was possibly controlled by rifting in a continent-ocean marginal setting. Radiogenic Isotopic similarity between Deccan and Reunion lavas has been used as an evidence to suggest that Deccan magmas were supplied by the Deccan-Reunion plume-head. Platinum group element abundances in the western Ghat samples of the Western Ghats and Kutch and the Eastern Deccan volcanic provinces are broadly similar in a chondrite normalized plot. Nickel-Ir-Ru in the western province exceeds those of the eastern province by approximately two times. There is however, consistency in Pd, Au and Cu in both eastern and western provinces. Radiometric dating of Deccan Trap lavas and intrusions have shown that bulk of the magmatic activities occurred 65 (±1) Ma. ago. Earliest rift-related magmatism occurred at 75 Ma, rest of the igneous activities occurred in two episodes – the most voluminous episode coincided with Deccan age (65-67 Ma) whereas a small volume igneous activity took place at ca. 61 Ma. We suggest that the 75 Ma pre-Deccan rifting-magmatic events is a relict of magmatism that occurred during separation of Madagascar from India, which was caused by the Marion plume.

Break: Lunch Break 13:00-14:00 @ Ballroom Prefunction

Shank Roxanne

Clean Harbors Energy & Industrial Services, Canada

Title: Chemical characterization of coke fouling from pipeline, refinery and upgrader process units

Time : 14:00-14:30

Speaker
Biography:

Shank Roxanne A obtained her BSc in Biochemistry in 2010 from the University of Lethbridge (UofL). She went on to do her M.Sc. in Biochemistry specializing in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy through the UofL. Her background in chemical instrumentation expanded when she joined the Clean Harbors Research and Development team in 2011 where she began researching fouling deposits and formulating chemical blends for use in industrial chemical cleaning applications. She was granted the designation of Professional Chemist in 2016 from the Association of the Chemical Profession of Alberta (ACPA). Among her scholarly endeavors, she acts as Chair for the Specific Task Group (STG 06) Chemical and Mechanical Cleaning through NACE International and runs a biennial symposium on the advancements in Chemical Cleaning of Industrial Equipment. She is currently pursuing a Higher National Certificate (HNC) in Process Engineering through Teesside University.

Abstract:

The build-up of undesirable materials on the surfaces of process units and heat exchangers, known as fouling, involves the deposition of solid or semi-solid chemical species present in the fluid that passes through the equipment, or the formation of chemical reaction products on the equipment surface. Coke fouling, a combination of these two fouling processes occurs in much of the equipment utilized throughout the industrial energy sector. Coke deposit composition is a complex element. Though, in general, coke is defined as carbonaceous material, this definition falls short in terms of the fouling process. The chemical and physical properties of the coke are highly dependent of the degree of hydrogen and oxygen inclusion, as well as the presence of heavy metals such as iron, vanadium, nickel and manganese. Over 60 different coke fouling samples, collected from various different refineries, upgraders and pipelines, were analyzed and found to have rather large variations in chemical composition and physical properties. Utilizing this information, a picture of coke fouling as a chemical spectrum begins to emerge, providing avenues for new and more effective methods for removing what continues to remain one of the largest fouling problems within the industry.

Adango Miadonye

Cape Breton University, Canada

Title: Desulphurization of heavy crude oil by irradiation process

Time : 14:30-15:00

Speaker
Biography:

Adango Miadonye, Professor of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry in the School of Science & Technology has received global recognition in the field of petroleum engineering and petroleum chemistry. His impressive publication record includes 80 peer-reviewed articles, numerous book chapters, and a number of presentations at important international conferences. An accomplished and respected student supervisor, Prof. Miadonye is extensively cited and has also formed the basis for a number of industrial collaborations. Well-respected by his colleagues nationally and internationally, Prof. Miadonye has been a leader and contributor to his professional academic community holding offices and serving on committees with numerous academic and professional societies.

Abstract:

Microwave energy is slowly becoming the most diverse form of energy transfer and has been used in the petroleum industry for inspecting coiled tubing and line pipe, measuring multiphase flow and the mobilization of asphaltic crude oil. It is now being used to synthesize pharmaceuticals and biological samples, along with its widespread use in the materials, metals and glass industries to inorganic synthesis, sinter and cure countless parts and powders. Though its implications in petroleum applications are yet to be fully understood, the non-thermal aspects of energy transfer between microwaves and other forms of matter are always visible in processes where microwave energy is used to cause a chemical or physical change in the irradiated material. Nearly every time that this form of energy transfer is employed in the chemical or physical transformations of a sample there is a noticeable reduction in the kinetic and thermodynamic requirements of the specific process as compared to conventional processes, thus making it attractive to the petroleum industry. Global dependence on oil from regions where conflicts have raged for decades is a major contributory factor in deepening the economic crisis. Oil companies are taking measures to make sure that the economic crisis does not deepen to a point of disparity, which have included huge investments in the bitumen and heavy oil industry. In Canada, efforts have been intensified to develop microwave irradiation technology for in-situ enhanced oil recovery of the country’s large deposits of bitumen and heavy oil. Of the estimated 30 billion barrels of heavy oil in place, about 26 billion barrels are considered unrecoverable using the current technology. The microwave technology improved recovery by 20 percent with no discharge of greenhouse gas (GHS) into the environment. The new technology employs specific frequency microwaves targeted into the formation containing heavy hydrocarbons to initiate conversion of the hydrocarbon into synthetic crude. The results of work done so far showed strong indications for the microwave technology to be employed not only for hydrocarbon extractions but also for in-situ upgrading and field upgrading of heavy oil and bitumen (to drastically reduce oil viscosity for pipeline transportation without the use of diluents), desulphurization of crude oil and future upgrading of coal and oil shale. As much as 80 percent reduction in sulphur content of heavy oil has been obtained with microwave irradiation. Overall, the microwave technology presents the best alternative, economically and environmentally,to the existing technologies for enhanced oil recovery operations and processing.

Break: Panel Discussion 15:00-15:20
Speaker
Biography:

Milton M M’Arimi is upcoming Researcher, Consultant and Lecturer in matters energy and environment. His PhD was carried out in Germany where he researched and co-authored publications in areas of bioenergy production and environment. His research interest is bioenergy production from cheap substrates common in tropical countries. His research interests are on biofuels and environment.

 

Abstract:

The high demand for clean energy source has in recent past created a great interest in biofuels. Among the biofuels that are highly investigated include; bioethanol, biohydrogen, biodiesel and biomethane. Biohydrogen has a special advantage in that no greenhouse gas is emitted during its combustion. It can be produced from organic wastewater but the yields remain low. The survey of the published data shows that the most promising production method is the dark hydrogen fermentation. Some of the strategies for improving biohydrogen production from organic effluents include: bioreactor modifications, microbial culture immobilization, culture selection and enrichments, substrate choice and the optimization of process conditions (temperature, pH, organic loading rates (OLR) and hydraulic retention time (HRT). The recommended biohydrogen production method is a sequential combination of biohydrogen and biomethanation production phases which has the potential for producing the highest bioenergy recovery from organic wastewater. The biorefinery production concept where biohydrogen is produced together with other biofuels and bio products is the ultimate cost effective production process. Due to very short optimal HRT for biohydrogen production, the choice of reactor configuration that helps retain biomass like Upward Sludge Bed Reactor (UASB) and immobilization of biomass should be considered to improve the productivity. The use of appropriate biohydrogen specialists and biomass recirculation will also improve the process effectiveness.

Break: Networking & Refreshment Break 15:40-16:10 @ Ballroom Prefunction
Day 1 conference program will be closed by 16:10